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7 elements of interior design

by Cassie Liu
7 elements of interior design

Interior design is not an easy task,it is both science and art.If you’ve been stuck in a home decor rut,get inspired by learning Seven Elements of Interior Design - a set of informal rules for professional interior designers.These interior design elements include color,from,space,texture,forms,pattern,line and light.By understanding what they are and how they work, you can transform any space to look fabulous.


Color can create mood, define unity and alter the perception of how large or small a space is. For example, most people think of red as a “passionate” or “intense” hue, while blues and greens are usually perceived as “tranquil” or “soothing” and yellow is often associated with words like “happy” and “optimistic.”Think about not only your visual preferences, but also, the sort of energy or attitude you’re trying to cultivate when deciding on a color scheme for your room.

There can’t be only one color in your room, how to distribute the ratio of different colors is also very important.60-30-10 Rule is a classic decor rule that helps create a color palette for a space. It states that 60% of the room should be a dominant color, 30% should be the secondary color or texture and the last 10% should be an accent.

interior design



Form means the contours of  Furniture, sculpture,  rooms, or other 3-D object you could imagine. Here are two types of forms: organic forms ( which are natural and irregular, with curvy or abstract shapes), and geometric forms (which feature sharp, man-made lines and edges, like squares or triangles).

Another thing to take into consideration with form is the proportions and scale of the room compare to the objects being placed within it.Adding forms of similar shapes can create harmony and balance, while adding too many differing shapes can have a confusing result. A space is typically more pleasing if the dominant form is repeated in minor objects throughout the room.

interior design



In the science of interior design space can be conveniently divided into two types. The empty space giving a room a lofty and “open” feel is called negative space. The space filled with decor, such as a living room couch, dining table and the kitchen island, is called positive space. In an open concept-style home, the walls are removed, making your brain feel like the space is larger than it would be if there were walls. In addition to thinking about the positive and negative spaces ,you have to think about the space above the furniture.




Texture refers to the tactile surface of an object or finish. It’s an element that is often overlooked, but really does have the ability to bring a unique dimension to the room. Having different textures in a room makes it more interesting and inviting. It stops the rooms feeling flat or dull. Texture also has an effect on the warmth of a room. If there was very little or no texture in a room it would feel very cold and not very cosy where as a room with an abundance of texture would feel very comfortable and warm.   Soft textures are warm and inviting. Whilst smooth textures can feel quite cold. 



Like shapes, patterns accentuate a certain part of your interior, be it the ceiling, stairs, or walls. You can accomplish this effect with a bold statement wallpaper or loud color pop on a wall.

While patterns can add life and motion to a space, too many clashing patterns can start to look chaotic, so tread lightly when choosing your favorite prints.



The use of lines help in guiding and navigating the eye through the interiors of your space.Lines help you create balance and harmony threw your design.

Lines can be “vertical” (up-and-down), “horizontal” (side-to-side), or “dynamic” (lines that express motion, like zig-zags or curlicues). Horizontal lines create a feeling of security, while vertical lines are expressive and bold. Dynamic lines, which follow their own set of rules, can add a fun, exciting touch to any space when used strategically.



Light can set the mood of any room, as different types of light connotate different moods. Natural light can represent warmth and happiness, while artificial fluorescent lighting makes a room feel cold and still.

When choosing lighting for your room, think about factors like the color of the light (cool blue or warm yellow?), the light intensity (bright for cooking, or soft for reading?), and whether the light should be dimmable.


by Cassie Liu


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